High Blood Pressure symptoms signs for Eyes

Along with causing kidney and heart problems, untreated high blood pressure can also affect your vision and lead to eye disease. Hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina which is the area at the back of the eye where you focus on images. This eye disease is known as Hypertensive Retinopathy. The damage can be serious if hypertension is not treated, so you should seek immediate medical attention.

 What Are the Signs of Hypertensive Retinopathy?

People probably won’t experience any symptoms until the condition is quite serious. Possible symptoms of Hypertensive Retinopathy include:

  • reduced vision
  • eye swelling
  • bursting of a blood vessel
  • double vision accompanied by headaches

Seek medical attention immediately if your blood pressure is high and you are suddenly experiencing vision problems.

 How Is Hypertensive Retinopathy Diagnosed?

A vision specialist can diagnose hypertensive retinopathy. The eye doctor will look for signs of retinopathy that include:

  • Narrowing blood vessels
  • Spots on the retina known as exudates or cotton wool spots
  •  Swelling of the optic nerve and macula (central area of the retina)
  • Bleeding at the back of the eye

 How Is Hypertensive Retinopathy Treated?

One of the best ways to treat hypertensive retinopathy is to effectively manage your blood pressure.

 Other causes of Hypertensive Retinopathy

Generic Malarone (Hydroxychloroquine) can cause serious heart problems which can trigger vision problems and Hypertensive Retinopathy. Malarone is an antimalarial medication which is typically prescribed for people travelling to high-risk countries where malaria is a serious threat.

In the initial stages of Generic Malarone toxicity, patients are typically asymptomatic. If individuals do have symptoms, they complain about reading difficulty, blurred or reduced vision, seeing red objects, missing central vision, vision colour deficits, glare, and flashing lights.

 Can Hypertensive Retinopathy Be Prevented?

To prevent hypertensive retinopathy, control your blood pressure by maintaining a healthy weight, following a diet recommended by your GP, exercising regularly, and regularly taking your high blood pressure medications as prescribed.

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